We received this insightful letter from community member, Tonya Crawford, which speaks to some of the glaring inaccuracies in Mayor Bowser's "Fair Shot" Toolkit.
Tonya Crawford is a native Washingtonian, who represents Ward 8. She is a business owner with extensive experience in both government and non-profit sectors.
So said Ward 1 Councilmember, Brianne Nadeau, chair of the Committee on Human Services regarding the time-limit for the District’s Rapid Rehousing Program, a highly criticized program that places families from shelter into temporary housing. When the subsidy cuts off, families often find themselves unable to afford the market rent of the unit they occupy and soon end up in eviction court, and then circle back to the shelter door with a new eviction on their rental history.
During debate on the proposed changes to the Homeless Services Reform Act on Tuesday, November 7, Ward 8 Councilmember, Trayon White, introduced an amendment that would extend the rapid rehousing time-limit and introduce common sense measures to assess whether a family received proper case management services or is financially stable enough to afford their unit. However, this amendment was rejected 6-7, with Anita Bonds casting the deciding vote because, as she put it, “I was told to vote no.” (The Councilmembers who voted against extending people’s time in rapid re-housing under these circumstances were Mendelson, Nadeau, Todd, Allen, Cheh, Evans and Bonds.)
Though earlier this year, Nadeau championed the legislation that ended arbitrary time-limits for the District’s Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program (TANF), she took a hard line on extending the temporary housing subsidy for the 1300 families currently in the program. “I understand your compassion,” she says, “but at some point we have to draw the line. This is a short-term program. We have other programs.”
A quick review of the housing programs funded in this year’s FY18 budget, reveals that this is not exactly the case.
There are currently 1166 families experiencing homelessness, according to the annual Point in Time Count. Additionally, there are over 1300 families in our rapid rehousing program, and an additional 40,000 families on the DC Housing Authority’s waitlist for housing.
In FY18, there was funding to support 174 families in the Permanent Supportive Housing Program and 186 families in the Targeted Affordable Housing Program and approximately 250 families from off of the waitlist. That means that there are permanent housing opportunities for about 610 families of the 42,266 families in the District who are not stably housed.
This basic math problem cuts to the core of our affordability crisis. Families don’t make enough money to afford market rate housing. The District has lost its stock of market-rate affordable units. Our Mayor and Council have not allocated enough money in the budget to provide housing for those who need it.
Rather than voting for solutions that would help solve this problem (funding more affordable housing), the Council took a punitive approach by supporting changes to the Homeless Services Reform Act that would make it more difficult for families to get into shelter, make it easier to get kicked out from shelter, and institute arbitrary time limits for the rapid rehousing program.
And to make matters worse, right before this vote, the Council voted to give $82 million away to developers to build around Union Market, including $36 million to fund a parking lot, with no evidence whatsoever that this huge subsidy was even needed. There was not a single requirement that the jobs created are good quality, or that the developers subsidize affordable housing. All while claiming that we don’t have enough resources to serve the families in our “hemorrhaging homeless services system.”
In reality, it is this kind of unchecked development that drives up the cost of housing and ultimately push people out of their homes either into homelessness or into more affordable regions like Prince George’s County. It is District residents who have been displaced because of publically subsidized development that are flooding our homelessness services systems. By continuing to fund development while narrowing the door to shelter, the Council is exacerbating the problem, not fixing it.
When At-Large Councilmember Elissa Silverman tried to redirect the parking lot funds to support affordable housing and transit options, she only got support from At-Large Councilmember David Grosso, and was repudiated by the rest of the Council. Chairperson Phil Mendelson referred to the affordable housing crisis as “rhetoric,” and the rest of the council rolled their eyes. They funded luxury housing instead of affordable. Then they pivoted to blame homeless people from outside of the District for flooding our system, and disparaged the homeless families who they claim are lying to get into shelter when they have safe places that they could otherwise go.
This post is about accountability. It’s about the fact that the Chair of our Council does not believe that there is an affordable housing crisis and propagates the stereotype that poor Black people are lying to get into shelter, taking advantage of the system, and don’t know what’s best for their families. He re-introduced a harmful provision of the HSRA that was removed during the Committee mark-up that creates a “presumption” that families are lying about needing shelter if they are on a lease or “occupancy agreement” and demands that homeless families provide “credible evidence” that they have no safe housing to get shelter on a freezing night. He believes that the Mayor knows better than they do that they have a safe place to go, and this harmful philosophy was supported by Councilmembers Nadeau, Cheh, Evans, McDuffie, Todd, Allen and Bonds.
What we saw at the Council was an affront to progressive values. To vote to give away that sum of money to developers while claiming there is not enough money to support homeless families was a slap in the face to every single District resident who has struggled to find affordable housing, who has come out to support homeless services, and who voted for “progressive champions” who would advance an affordable housing agenda. Hundreds and thousands of emails and phone calls and tweets, countless letters supported by scores of organizations throughout the city urged councilmembers to vote “no” on this bill. Elissa Silverman told advocates that she had not received a single e-mail telling her to vote for this bill. Yet, at the end of the day, the bill passed 11-2, with only Councilmembers Trayon White and David Grosso opposing.
In just a few hours, our Council drew the line by prioritizing corporate subsidies over the lives of homeless children.
Last weekend in Charlottesville, the country witnessed as white supremacists, neo-Nazis, and KKK members were emboldened to remove their masks and march in broad daylight, inciting and calling for violence against anyone who is not white. While many people expressed shock, we know that this violence is in fact old as this country itself.
Since the early Jamestown settlement in the 1600s, the Commonwealth of Virginia has nurtured the principles upon which White Supremacy stands. Sebastian Johnson, an author of the blog Unfettered Equality, wrote about this connection in January 2017 when he said, “no state boasts a better claim to being America’s birthplace than Virginia. It was in Jamestown that leaders first made white supremacy a matter of public policy. Leaders in Virginia promulgated the racial caste system that softened class divisions and made possible the notion of an egalitarian, free white society. Virginians reconciled the notion of universal equality with the persistence of chattel slavery. And it was in Jamestown that the logic of white supremacy was hitched to global capitalism through plantation agriculture. Massachusetts birthed the revolution. But Virginia, mother of presidents, sired America.”
And since the launch of Trump’s presidential campaign in 2015, the country has witnessed a bold resurgence of of hatred, racism, xenophobia, and anti-Semitism. Instances of hate crimes have skyrocketed since Trump’s election last November, including in the DMV. A Black man, Richard Collins III, was lynched at the University of Maryland in College Park in May. 17 year old Muslim teen, Nabra Hassanen, was murdered in Sterling Virginia in June. Anti-Semitic graffiti is visible to this day on Georgia Avenue, and nooses have been found hanging around the District from the National Museum of African American History and Culture to Beer Elementary School in the historically Black neighborhood of Hillcrest.
While some people consider DC to be a bastion of progressive politics and people, we have to examine how systems of white supremacy produce both the extremism of the KKK and the systems of racial inequality that are upheld in the District. The same ideology that cost Richard Collins III his life also murdered Terrence Sterling and let his murderers off free. It’s the same ideology that demolishes the homes of Black people to build luxury condos for white millennials. It’s the same ideology that builds a Whole Foods at the corner of 9th and Sherman NW but keeps grocers away from Skyland in Ward 7. Its an ideology that’s rooted in the prioritization of white comfort over the lives and communities of Black people and other communities of color.
We cannot call out the racism in Charlottesville but stay silent in Brookland Manor, Barry Farm, and as Black people continue to fill the cells of the dilapidated DC jail, and the rooms of the crumbling DC General family shelter. Dismantling white supremacy will take more than toppling Confederate statues and marching against Nazis. It must be dismantled in the public policy that governs our schools, banks, grocery stores, homes, shelters and streets. It also must be dismantled in the budget and the ways in which our resources are disproportionately concentrated in predominantly white communities and neighborhoods.
July 2017 marks the 7th month of the Trump presidency. This federal landscape set the stage for what FBC hoped would be an FY18 budget season that asserted DC’s values that stand in stark contrast to those being shopped around on The Hill and in the White House. These federal policies could have devastating ramifications for the District of Columbia, particularly low-income communities of color that have already been teetering on the edge as the city has pursued an agenda of massive development. As the District saw record revenues, Mayor Bowser and the DC Council had an opportunity to present a progressive, proactive agenda that ensures dignity for all DC residents.
In addition to these looming federal threats, DC’s history has also set the stage for this year’s budget fight. Over the past 20 years, drastic racial and socioeconomic demographic changes have been enacted through policies that prioritize attracting white, college educated millennials to the District over providing basic human needs to low-income communities of color. As we see the tenants of Brookland Manor and Barry Farms fight to stay in their homes, as we see shelters and motels overflowing with people experiencing homelessness, it is clear that the word gentrification, could not begin to describe the harsh reality that continues to tear apart families and communities.
This year, Coalition members continued to pursue an agenda that fought for policies to support long-time DC residents and begin to halt the extreme gentrification machine that has made DC one of the most income unequal cities in the country and displaced more than 40,000 DC residents of color.
Rather than giving tax breaks to wealthy estate holders and businesses and subsidizing more development projects, we called on the council to address basic human needs. We pushed for housing security for DC residents, economic justice through good jobs, income support, and removing barriers to education, civil rights by fighting discrimination against returning citizens and enhancing language access, access mental and physical healthcare, and food security. You can view our full list of recommendations here.
These measures represent a small snapshot of the policies changes and budget investments needed to meaningfully create a more equitable city and change policies that create the crises of poverty in the first place.
We have moved the needle in many regards. We were pleased to see our economic justice and food recommendations fully funded. It is imperative that the Executive Branch begin to rigorously implement these measures so families can have access to paid leave, TANF, and transportation benefits as soon as possible.
However, both the Mayor and the DC Council fail to meaningfully fight the root causes of poverty or the drivers of income inequality. This year, with our coffers full, DC had the opportunity to present a radically transformative vision for the District that would have stood in contrast to the truly draconian policies coming from both ends of Pennsylvania Ave. Instead, both branches of government delivered a budget that maintains the status quo: more condos and more poverty.
The Fair Budget Coalition is dismayed at the spending priorities reflected in Mayor Bowser’s budget proposal for Fiscal Year 2018. Despite having explicitly expressed concern at the threats to DC values by the Trump Administration, Mayor Bowser has proposed a budget that fails to adequately protect the lives and basic human needs of DC residents most at risk—low-income people.
DC has one of the highest rates of income inequality in the nation. A minimum wage worker in DC must work 17 hours a day, 7 days a week in order to afford a two-bedroom apartment at market rate. In the midst of this affordable housing crisis, and with cuts to vital safety net programs looming at the federal level, Mayor Bowser’s budget proposal prioritizes the District’s high income residents and businesses over working class and poor DC residents who struggle to make ends meet even as DC flourishes economically.
This budget proposal fails to expand and strengthen tools to create more housing for extremely low income people, and guarantees that the District’s goals of ending homelessness will not be met on time. Despite the fact that 8,500 people experience homelessness on any given day in the District and 40,000 households are on a waitlist for affordable housing, the Mayor’s proposed budget provides permanent housing subsidies for fewer than 500 households in FY18. There are no new investments to repair DC’s dilapidated public housing stock, and for the second consecutive year, Mayor Bowser has put forth a budget that does not create additional vouchers to move households off the DC Housing Authority waitlist.
The Mayor’s proposed budget does not include start-up funding for DC’s paid family leave insurance program, transportation subsidies for adult learners, or implementation funding to fight housing discrimination for DC’s returning citizens. Although the Mayor added $8 million to reform DC’s rigid TANF time limit policy, the funding is not sufficient to fully support children experiencing poverty. Instead, the Mayor has prioritized $18.8 million in tax cuts for estates worth between $1-5 million, $23.8 million in tax breaks for businesses, and invests almost $400 million to support development projects like DC Streetcar, a new Wizards practice facility, and luxury condominiums at McMillan Park over the critical human needs of District residents.
At first glance, this budget proposal does not reflect the DC values the Mayor has promised to champion. FBC will investigate and monitor new programs included in the proposal. When the Mayor presents the budget to the DC Council on Thursday, we believe that they will face a heavy task in making this proposed budget reflect DC values. This is a difficult but vital task - as Martin Luther King Jr. said in the context of the Poor People’s Campaign, “a budget is a moral document.”
Quotes from members:
“The administration’s proposed budget would do nothing to stem the tide of President Trump’s proposed housing cut. Though the administration talks about ‘inclusive prosperity’ for all, its proposed budget would undermine the well-being and access to opportunity of the tens and thousands of Washingtonians living on low incomes who are served by Bread for the City. The budget offers not prosperity, but austerity,” says George Jones, Executive Director of Bread for the City.
“As a native Washingtonian, it is hurtful to see one of our own being an instrument of our destruction and building her pathway to reelection of the backs of the few remaining natives who live here and the least privileged people who want to stay,” says Aiyi’nah Ford, Executive Director of the Future Foundation.
“We are disappointed that this budget does not include the resources needed to end homelessness, as outlined in Homeward DC. We are counting on the Council to fund the gap and to house our most vulnerable neighbors,” says Jesse Rabinowitz, Advocacy Specialist at Miriam’s Kitchen
In the wake of the 2016 presidential election, the residents of the District of Columbia—who overwhelmingly opposed the presidency of Donald Trump—are shaken and deeply concerned about the future of this country and of this city. Multiple communities, including Black people, Latinx, and other people of color, immigrants, Muslims, and the LGBTQ community have already seen a significant increase in assaults, hate crimes, and a general sentiment of hatred and bias.
With a President-Elect who has not only promulgated racist, misogynist, and xenophobic rhetoric throughout his campaign, but has now appointed and nominated individuals to serve in his cabinet with long, proven track records of openly oppressing marginalized people, there is a very real possibility that federal policy and budget decisions will threaten to destroy our already inadequate social safety net for generations to come. We, as a city and as a society, all depend on this safety net in various ways throughout our day-to-day lives; however low-income people, seniors, and a disproportionate share of people of color are particularly vulnerable and would experience the most dire consequences.
We, the DC Fair Budget Coalition and all signatories of this letter, are prepared to resist these threats. We are proud of being a Sanctuary City, and we appreciate your reinforcement of that commitment. The District of Columbia should be a safe place for all people to live and work, particularly people of color who have been historically disenfranchised and targeted by discriminatory policies. We strongly urge you to affirm your willingness to fight to protect DC residents—and all who dwell, work, and visit here—against the threats that will likely soon come.
Our city has a long and proud legacy of being a national leader on civil rights, workers’ rights, immigrant rights, women’s reproductive health, and LGBTQ rights. As the nation’s capital, DC needs to maintain this standard and never waver in our steadfastness to protect our safety net, or in our determination to fight for our residents, particularly those who face the greatest threats under this administration. This includes fighting for the District’s right to create and enforce our own laws, as well as manage our own budget without undue federal influence. We trust that you are prepared to lead this fight.
Now is the time to invest in policies that will ensure that all people and families have the social, physical, and financial security that they need to navigate the immediate and long-term impacts of a Trump Presidency. As a first step, we ask that you, our elected leadership, pledge to replace any federal dollars—taken from public housing or other affordable housing, homeless services, healthcare, public benefits, transportation, education, workforce development, women’s healthcare, or any other of the vital services our residents depend upon—with local funds.
That may ultimately require a significant output of local dollars, however we believe you could raise additional revenues by taking some of the following measures:
The Fair Budget Coalition will release our Budget Report in early 2017. In this report, we will outline a list of investments DC can make that are critical to protecting low-income residents and people of color within the District. Now, more than ever, we must double down on our commitment to addressing the fundamental racial, economic, and social inequity in our city and ensuring that everyone who lives and works in DC has access to basic necessities and can feel safe throughout the city.
Amidst the echoes of the chant to “Drain the Swamp,” we have an opportunity to show the country and the world the true character of our great city. We urge you to demonstrate your leadership and fight for DC and all of its residents.
To add your signature, visit bit.ly/ProtectDC
By Monica Kamen
Each year, The DC Fair Budget Coalition puts together a policy platform that calls on the city to both protect prior investments and substantially increase investments across a range of human services. While we craft this agenda, we always navigate a challenging philosophical problem: do we ask for what we think we can win, or do we demand what is truly needed to address poverty in the District? On one hand, it’s important to recognize the political and fiscal realities of our city in order to actually secure investments in critical programs. But on the other, a politically realistic ask will never do the job of bringing justice to the people of our city.
The FY17 Budget Campaign was no different; we crafted an ambitious yet reasonable policy agenda. And now that the FY17 budget has been finalized, it is clear that we were able to secure undeniably critical funding for programs that will help thousands of DC residents.
Collectively, our coalition and its members won funding for programs that will provide housing for 569 individuals and 304 families. Our advocacy helped secure $15 million to repair dilapidated and decaying public housing, protected and expanded programs that provide access to healthy and affordable food, protected funding for services for survivors of domestic violence, and extended TANF benefits for another year for families who would have otherwise been cut off from all cash assistance and services. If we compare this year’s budget to that from even two or three years ago, it is clear that we are slowly forcing the city to grapple with some of its biggest problems and start prioritizing investments in affordable housing, adult education, jobs, and health.
And yet, when we take a step back, these victories seem to pale in comparison to the sobering reality of poverty in the District. In this city, there are almost 8,000 people experiencing homelessness on a given night and over 38,000 people waiting on a closed waitlist for housing. One in three children live in a household struggling with hunger, and over 33,000 domestic-violence-related calls are made to the police in a given year. Roughly 60,000 adults lack a high school credential, and one in four adults with a high school credential are unemployed. These statistics go on and on. This gross lack of access to economic, housing, and food security is highly concentrated in communities of color, making the budget an issue of basic racial justice when the city prioritizes the needs of its White residents over Black and Brown citizens.
We may have scored a few touchdowns this budget season, but it is clear that we have a lot of work to do to win the game. We look forward to crafting a policy agenda and running a budget campaign that makes the work of justice an inevitable political reality.
By Monica Kamen
On Monday, June 13, Mayor Bowser signed a bill that will allow the city to finally close DC General and replace it with smaller, more dignified shelters throughout the city. The plan, which was brought to the Council in February, underwent substantial changes as the bill made its way through the legislative process, but ultimately was passed unanimously.
Due in large part by the efforts of Chairman Phil Mendelson, ward councilmembers, and the Council budget office, the Council identified three alternative sites for the proposed shelters in Wards 3, 5, and 6. The bill provides the required finances and allows the city to use eminent domain to purchase these new sites, meaning they will be District-owned. This will help save the city approximately $165 million, ensure that the shelters will remain in the District’s inventory indefinitely, and address community concerns, particularly in Ward 5, with regard to the environmental safety of the site and proximity to transportation and grocery stores.
The $50 million identified to purchase these new sites will come out of the District’s capital budget, rather than the operating budget. Because it is often more difficult to identify operating dollars for many of the programs for which Fair Budget advocates year after year, there will hopefully be more operating dollars to invest in permanent housing solutions for families who are housing unstable.
The Fair Budget Coalition congratulates the Council and the Mayor for working quickly to identify the right plan to finally actualize the goal of closing DC General. We hope we will continue to work with both branches of government to ensure that these sites are developed as quickly as possible and that the designs of the shelters maximize safety and security for families.